Camorra is an Italian Mafia crime syndicate, which arose in the region of Campania and Naples. It is one of the oldest and largest criminal organizations in Italy.
Unlike the pyramidal structure of the Sicilian Mafia, the Camorra’s organizational structure is more horizontal than vertical.
Consequently, individual Camorra clans act independently of each other, and are more prone to feuding among themselves.
The first official use of the word dates from 1735, when a royal decree authorised the establishment of eight gambling houses in Naples.
The Sicilian cartel is only one part of an heterogeneous landscape of criminal groups.
To a non-Italian, the term “mafia” has become an all-inclusive word that encompasses the various unlawful active in the racketeering, drug-trafficking and murders.
“Nowadays criminal groups shoot less than in the 90s but they are extremely vital and, most importantly, they do more business than ever,” writes Italian magazine L’Espresso. “A person living in Lombardy fears the ‘Ndrangheta and the Camorra no differently’ from someone born in the south of Italy.”