Allora (so, then, well) is one of those filler words that’s highly useful when thinking of what to say in the Italian language.
Allora! (Come on!, Hey!)
…or can be introductory:
Allora, vediamo. (Well then, let’s see.)
It’s true that we can use “then” as a translation, but “then” has other meanings as well, so it helps to have an idea of allora’s underlying meaning.
We use allora a lot in speech without even thinking about it, so being aware of where it comes from may give us una marcia in più (“an edge,” literally “one more gear”).